SPAYING & NEUTERING
Spay and Neuter Procedures
A spay is an ovariohsterectomy. The ovaries and the uterus are removed. This is done through an abdominal incision. A neuter procedure removes the testicles through an incision just in front of the scrotum. A general description of how we safely manage surgeries is found in the Surgery section of this website. Patients go home the same day. At home recovery is generally one week of reduced activity.
Female cats will stay constantly in heat until bred. During this time they will escape the house and will be bred within several hours of getting outside. They will have an average of four kittens and will go back into heat once the kittens are weaned. Unspayed cats typically have two litters per year. If those offspring are not spayed and neutered, the number of cats that descend from one unsprayed female can be in the hundreds.
Female dogs come into heat every 6 months. During that process they have bloody discharge which can be difficult to manage for inside dogs. Small breed dogs that become pregnant frequently require a Caesarian Section surgery. Unspayed females have a higher incidence of Mammary gland cancer (comparable to breast cancer in women). Older unsprayed females are also at risk for uterine infections which can be life threatening.
Un neutered male cats develop a very strong smelling urine that most people find very offensive. They all will start to mark their territory by spraying urine. They frequently fight with other male cats. Cat bite wounds frequently must be addressed surgically. The viral diseases FeLV and FIV are often passed from infected cats to un infected cats.
Un neutered male dogs are more likely to fight with other dogs. They are keenly aware of the presence of an “in heat” female and will lose their “training” to run away and get to her. Many un neutered male dogs are hit by cars running to get to the female in heat. Some are injured in fights with other dogs who have also come to breed the female in heat.